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If a picture is worth a thousand words, will a manipulated photograph say less or more?

The controversial art of photograph manipulation has been practiced for almost two centuries. Some call it an art form; for others, it is simply glorified fakery. But whichever side of the fence you are on, there is no denying that photo manipulation is very useful and requires a lot of creativity, precision, and skill.

Manual Photo Manipulation

In the days of yore, before the advent of Photoshop, photographers painstakingly performed alterations manually using the following methods:

-> Airbrushing

An airbrush is a small, air-operated painting tool that sprays dyes and inks. In the pre-digital era, freehand airbrushing has been employed to alter photographs by concealing the signs that a photo has been “doctored” or retouched. During the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin, “undesirable” officials have been removed from photographs during the Great Purge using airbrushes.

-> Darkroom manipulation

Another non-digital method of altering photographs, darkroom manipulation involves dodging, burning, and masking – techniques that are said to be similar to digital manipulations with the exception that everything is done by hand. One master of darkroom manipulation is American photographer Jerry N. Uelsmann, whose works have been featured in the television series The Outer Limits, Stephen King’s Salem’s Lot (illustrated edition), and Train of Thought – Dream Theater’s seventh studio album.

-> Double exposure

A skilled photographer employs double exposure for artistic effect but it can occur accidentally, producing a blurry picture. Some non-digital cameras offer a “double exposure” option, but for those whose cameras don’t have this feature, they can simply use a filter, which can be used to cover part of the lens for the first shot, followed by covering another part of the lens for the second snapshot.

-> Negative scratching

This old school photo manipulation technique was introduced by a group of photographers known as pictorialists during the 19th century. Rather than producing simple snapshots, pictorialists liked to employ techniques such as soft focus, exotic printing processes, special filters and lens coating, and darkroom manipulation to convey “personal artistic expression.” For those who want to try negative scratching, a tiny scratching tool is recommended for 35mm negatives. With your scratching tool, make sure to make smooth marks instead of jagged lines, which could be distracting. You may also try scratching words into the top of the negative or writing on top of the image with a pencil.

Contemporary Photo Manipulation: Digital Techniques

Photo manipulation doesn’t just cover the techniques employed within a darkroom. It also refers to image editing done on a computer, more commonly known as photoshopping or photoshop. As you probably know, the term comes from the popular image editor created by Adobe Systems but there are other similar programs such as Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo, Microsoft Paint, Ulead PhotoImpact, and Macromedia Freehand.

These tools are often utilized by photographers and by graphic designers. With digital editing, you can apply different textures to uneven surfaces, remove color casts, transform regular pictures to cool 3D photos, and lots more. Below are some digital photo manipulation techniques that you can try to makeover a simple image from plain to amazing.

-> ‘Doctoring’

Nowadays, ad agencies and magazine editors authorize the use of photo manipulation software to hide a subject’s imperfections — or in some cases, highlight the subject’s flaws. Doctoring is quite useful for the before and after photos of weight loss ads but remains a controversial and often frowned-upon practice. Celebrities have been willing and unwilling victims of airbrushing, contouring, highlighting, zapping, and what have you. An airbrushed Julia Roberts’ Lancôme ad was banned by the U.K.’s Advertising Standards for being “misleading.” Cycling legend Lance Armstrong slammed Outside magazine for photoshopping his age and an acronym on a plain shirt he was wearing. Even well-respected Time magazine was criticized for altering a mug shot of O.J. Simpson to make the latter look more menacing and sinister.

-> Age progression

To “age-progress” a person’s face means to make the subject look older than he or she actually is in a photograph. Age progression is used by law enforcement agencies to identify subjects and is now used for photo manipulation purposes. You can age-progress a subject using Photoshop. Choose a candid shot because the harsh lighting reveals more skin details that will help you visualize how your subject will age. Next, look for “references” – older people who resemble or share the same facial expression as your subject. Paste the image around the subject’s face on a separate layer and start age-progressing your subject by adding wrinkles, reducing the lips, graying the hair, and so on.

-> Fading smoke effect

Smoke has been used to create abstract photography. Nowadays, Photoshop and Illustrator are used to create stunning fading smoke effects. To create a simple fading smoke effect, you’ll need a close-up image of your subject. There are many Photoshop tutorials that can show you how to do this photo manipulation technique. You can use this technique if you want to create smoke typography, produce hyper-real and surreal images, and make smoke-like effects.

->Color combustion

Color combustion is a photo manipulation technique that incorporates several simple photo manipulation techniques, combining a number of different images to produce a new and digitally-enhanced image. After providing a concept, you can begin collecting stock images for your digital collage. Add, adjust, alter, cut, draw, paint, and modify as you see fit. The image and colors are only limited by your imagination.

-> Photo cutouts

An otherwise well-taken photograph can easily be ruined by an annoying photobomb. So what do you do to the photobomber? Cut the trespasser out of course. In other cases, you only want the subject and not his or her background. A photo cutout sounds like a simple solution but there are actually a number of different ways to do it. You can use the magnetic lasso or the good old magic wand tool for simple photo cutouts. However, no one tool fits all situations. You’ll need to combine several techniques before you can produce a seamless photo cutout. Like other photo manipulation techniques, practice makes perfect.

To better understand the techniques explained above, here are a few examples of digitally-manipulated photographs of landscape and scenery:

Sunset, Santa Monica

image1 The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Hawaii

hawaii004 The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Hawaii Again

hawaii001 The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Hawaii Forest

hawaii008 The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Santa Monica

sunset over santa monica The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

The stars as they speak

the stars as they speak The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Ruins

ruins The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Monbachtal

monbachtal The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

The Jungle

the jungle The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Vertical Turn

vertical turn The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Mistikhan City

mistikhan city The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Go your own road

go your own road The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Chicken Itza

chicken itza The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Vista Wallpaper Manipulation

standbox The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Photo Manipulation

photo manipulation The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

house on the hill The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Mexico

mexico The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Celtic Mood

celtic mood The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Stonehenge

stonehenge The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Dark Medieval Manipulation

dark medieval manipulation The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Snow Landscape

snow landscape The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Landscape

landscape The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Dream Landscape

dream landscape1 The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Avalon

avalon The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

The Kingdom

the kingdom The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Fantasy Landscape

fantasy landscape The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Landscape

fantasy 2 The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Burned Landscape

burned landscape The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Silhouette

silhouette The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Landscape

landscapes The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Indonesia

indonesia The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Dark Landscape

dark landscape The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Scenery

scenery The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

Written by Francis Lucas

Francis is a web copywriter with three years of experience. He writes for a Los Angeles-based digital imaging company called Aretedi. When not blogging or creating content for web pages, he can be found running, dreaming that he is God’s gift to basketball and soccer, conspiring with the Dark Side, and inflicting his idiosyncrasies on family and friends.

  • http://www.texturetaddka.com TextureTaddka

    Amazing collection – Vertical turn and Go your own road are the best ! Thanks for sharing.

  • http://votersfirstact.com/ votersfirstact.com

    Many ways to do photo manipulation, now many online services that provide services for photo manipulation, but I prefer to use Photoshop to perform manipulation. Photoshop tutorials are very interesting to learn. With Photoshop, we can create to generate a variety of photo looks more attractive.

  • http://www.onlinebrandsshop.com onlinefashion

    thrilling pictures!

  • http://justacarguy.blogspot.com/ Justacarguy blogspot com Jesse

    Francis, leave your email somewhere so people can chat with you, you’re doing really good posts!

  • http://shinywp.com/ Magazine Wordpress Themes

    Super nice! Each photo is so attractive and extremely beautiful.

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